Pistol Tokarev TT-33 (7.62-mm rus. samozarâdnyj pistolet Turner Form 1933 goda; 7.62 mm Samozarjadnyj pistolet Turner goda Form 1933) is a Russian semi-automatic pistol. Developed and designed by Fedor Tokarev 1930th as a service pistol, the Soviet army. This is the T-33 replaced the Nagant M1895 revolver that had been in use since imperial times.
1930th the Revolutionary Military Council approved the testing of new small arms to replace existing obsolete Nagant M1895 revolver. During testing, the seventh siječnja 1931st noticed the potential of the TT-30 pistol designed by Fedor Tokarev. A few weeks later ordered the 1000 TT-30 pistol for military troops, and the pistol was adopted in the Red Army.
Although the Tokarev TT-30 was put into production, the gun design changes are made for the purpose of simplifying production. Minor changes were made to the pipes and switchgear, while the trigger and the gun metal casing implemented. Thus arose redesigned the TT pistol-33. The TT-33 the Soviet troops during World War II used in large quantities, but not entirely replaced the Nagant M1895 revolver until the end of the war.
Details of the design
Visually, the TT-33 is very similar to an automatic pistol FN Model 1903 and used the barrel of a gun similar to the Browning M1911 series. TT-33 is a derivative of M1911 and is made up of many simple parts. Also, Soviet engineers also added a few changes to the working mechanism of the gun easier to produce and maintain. The gun is very durable, and when using a distorted frame is no damage to the inner mechanism.
Tokarev TT-33 is used as ammunition 7.62x25mm Tokarev, which is similar caliber 7.63x25mm Mauser pistol that used the Mauser C96. The TT-33 is produced during the second World War II and the 1950s.
The first model TT pistol was the TT-30. Version of the TT-33 is an improved model of the TT-30, to produce a simplified and thus accelerated production gun.
German Wehrmacht as a spoil of war “captured” an unknown amount of TT-33 pistol and they were using their units under the designation Pistole 615 (r). The Germans used them since the Soviet guns used boxes 7.62 mm Model 1930 Type P, which were identical within the German 7.63x25mm Mauser. Because the Germans were able to use their ammunition in the Soviet pistols
Production of the TT-33 in the USSR ended the 1954th, but continued making copies (based on license or otherwise) in China (Type 51, Type 54, M20, and TU-90) and Poland (PW wz.33) . Hungary has redesigned the TT-33 as well as its guns (M48) used 9x19mm Parabellum caliber ammunition, as well as an export version for Egypt (Tokagypt 58).Egyptian pistols had extensive use in police forces.
In Yugoslavia, the company Zastava Arms produced a licensed copy under the name M57, M65 and M70A, while the North Korean guns manufactured under the name Type 68 or M68. Romania has also produced its own copy (the TTC, or Cugir Tokarov) during the 1950s. These guns have in recent years been imported to the U.S. in large quantities.However, to get the gun permit to import the guns has been added safety lock trigger. Police in Pakistan and is now used as a weapon TT pistols, although unconfirmed reports guns to be replaced with a 9 mm Beretta and Glock pistols.
TT pistols are still legally and illegally produced in the factories of the Khyber Pass. Production gun is payable because the caliber 7.62x25mm ammo is pretty cheap. The ammunition is manufactured in local factories or to honor a person from China, where it manufactures military industry Norinco.
TT pistols were used by most Eastern Bloc countries that have largely developed their own original derivation TT pistols. In the USSR in 1952. The TT-33 was replaced with the Makarov PM pistol. Gun were first armed troops on the front line. Makarov PM is used as the Tokarev TT-33 frame with 8 bullets and ammunition had 9x18mm Makarov caliber.
Chinese Norinco, a major manufacturer of weapons for the Chinese National – Liberation army, produced a commercial variant of the Tokarev pistol used 9x19mm Parabellum ammunition. The gun is known as the Tokarev Model 213th The gun could use any kind of box of 9 mm, without further modification. The gun is impossible to import into the United States because the U.S. ban on imports of Chinese firearms, although older Tokarev Model 213 was imported into the country during the 1980’s and 1990’s.
TT-33 today is still merit in the Chinese and North Korean armed forces. Tokarev won great popularity among collectors and gun shooters because of robustness, reliability and availability of cheap ammunition (in the U.S.).However, there are complaints about the poor quality of the clip (Eng. grip) which is often replaced with that of the Hungarian model Tokagypt 58th Also, handle extends to a vertical angle and is awkward for many Western shooters use.
All in all, the Tokarev, as well as his 9 mm variants, known for its simplicity and precision.
History of use
In service: 1930. – Today
Wars: World War II, the Korean War, the Chinese Civil War, the Vietnam War
History of production
Designer: Fedor Tokarev
Manufacturer: Tula Arsenal, Norinco, Femara, Radom Arsenal, Arsenal Cugir, Khyber Pass, Zastava Arms
Number of copies produced: about 1.7 million
Models: TT-30, TT-33, TTC, M48, M48 Tokagypt, M57, M70, M70, R-3, Type 51, Type 54, Type 68, Zastava M57
Length: 194 mm
Weight: 854 gr.
Height: 134 mm
Speed: 420 m / sec.
Caliber: 7.62x25mm Tokarev
Barrel length: 116 mm
Tank Capacity: 8 rounds
Sighting: Steel sight